Hyper-V NAT Network

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Description:

If you ever need to create a NAT Network using Hyper-V, follow these steps.

To Resolve:

  1. Create a new Hyper-V Virtual Switch

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    New-VMSwitch SwitchName "NATSwitch" SwitchType Internal
    
  2. Configure the NAT Gateway IP Address: This configures the Virtual Network Adapter which was created while creating the Internal Virtual Hyper-V Switch.

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    New-NetIPAddress IPAddress 10.10.10.1 -PrefixLength 24 -InterfaceAlias "vEthernet (NATSwitch)"
    
  3. Now you can configure the NAT rule

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    New-NetNat Name MyNATnetwork InternalIPInterfaceAddressPrefix 10.10.10.0/24
    
  4. After that you have finally created your NAT network and you can now use that network to connect your virtual machines and use IP Address from 172.21.21.2-172.21.21.254.

  5. Create a new NAT forwarding

    • To forward specific ports from the Host to the guest VMs you can use the following commands. This example creates a mapping between port 80 of the host to port 80 of a Virtual Machine with an IP address of 10.10.10.2.
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    Add-NetNatStaticMapping -NatName "VMSwitchNat" -Protocol TCP -ExternalIPAddress 0.0.0.0 -InternalIPAddress 10.10.10.2 -InternalPort 80 -ExternalPort 80
    
    • This example creates a mapping between port 82 of the Virtual Machine host to port 80 of a Virtual Machine with an IP address of 10.10.10.3.
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    Add-NetNatStaticMapping -NatName "VMSwitchNat" -Protocol TCP -ExternalIPAddress 0.0.0.0 -InternalIPAddress 10.10.10.3 -InternalPort 80 -ExternalPort 82
    

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